Finland’s National Climate Actions
Although Finland’s atmospheric emissions are small in international comparison, the consumption of energy per capita is considerable. Finland’s objective is to achieve a downturn in total energy consumption during the coming decade. The use of energy must be made more efficient, particularly in housing, building and traffic. The intention is also to increase the share of renewable energy – especially bioenergy, wind power and geothermal energy – to 38 per cent.
Visions for Finland’s mitigation measures up to 2050
Finland’s national climate actions are largely based on the framework set by the UN Climate Change Convention, the Kyoto Protocol and the EU.
The EU’s joint emission reduction target of 8% means that Finland must reduce its emissions of greenhouse gases to the 1990 level during the years 2008–2012. This is about 73.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalents, or a greenhouse gas reduction of 16%.
The Ministry of Employment and the Economy published the most recent long-term climate and energy strategy for Finland in 2008. The strategy presents concrete measures until 2020 and visions for Finland’s climate and energy strategies up to 2050.
The Government Foresight Report on Long-term Climate and Energy Policy, published in 2009, leads the way towards a low-carbon Finland. It continues the work started by the climate and energy strategy and sets targets especially for a long time perspective. The most important of these targets is to cut Finland’s emissions by 80% from the 1990 level by the year 2050.
Finland also adapting
Finland was the first country to complete a national strategy for adapting to climate change. Published in 2005, the report prepared by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry assesses the current and potential future impacts of climate change and anticipates the adaptation measures that these impacts will require. The strategy outlines adaptation measures for 15 sectors up to the year 2080 and considers both anticipatory measures and measures responding to the effects of climate change.
Mitigation of climate change and adaptation to it also constitute an essential element of Finland’s development policy. The importance of the climate perspective is underlined in Finnish development cooperation. Together with other EU Member States, Finland is committed to providing financing for climate actions taken in developing countries in both the short and long term. In 2011, Finland’s climate support for developing countries totalled about EUR 62 million.
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